SAJMS - South Asian Journal of Management Sciences

Cross-Cultural Evaluation of the Mediation of Attitudes in Relationship of Cultural Values and Behavioral Reactions toward Web Based Advertising

Research Article

The current study examines the associations between the individual's cultural values about web-based advertising (IWA), attitudes toward web-based advertising (AWA) and individual's behavioral reactions (BR) in three dissimilar cultures Pakistan, Malaysia and the United States of America. The study is based on the ve individual cultural values to evaluate the understanding of the cultural perception of the web-based advertising users [...]

Using Eisenhardt's Method to Study Ethnic Entrepreneurial Communities

Research Article

The purpose of this paper is to explain the Eisenhardt case based method of theory development using an example of a study on ethnic entrepreneurial communities in Karachi. The paper servers' two purposes: (a) It serves as a guide, for the future researchers studying the entrepreneurial activity in Pakistani context, to establish the internal validity of the methodology which can [...]

Single Stock Futures and their Impact on Risk Characteristics of the Underlying Stocks: A Dynamic CAPM Approach

Research Article

The concern regarding destabilizing ability of trading in futures markets in terms of increase in risk is still unresolved in developed and developing economies. This discussion also prevailed in Pakistan after the Global Financial Crisis (GFC). To investigates this concern with respect to Single Stock Futures (SSFs) and their impact on the underlying stocks, this study made use of data [...]

Impact of Brand Equity Drivers on Purchase Intention: A Moderating Effect of Entrepreneurial Marketing

Research Article

The study aimed to analyse the impact of brand image, brand perception, brand preference and brand loyalty on consumer purchase intention in the FMCG industry of Pakistan. It also used entrepreneurial marketing as moderator between the association of brand loyalty, brand perception, brand image and brand preference with purchase intention. The study has used quantitative explanatory research design. In this [...]

Environmental Concern as an Underlying Mechanism between Environmental Beliefs and Green Purchase Intentions

Research Article

Building on the contentions of theory of reasoned action, current study hypothesized and tested the direct impact of environmental beliefs on green purchase intentions. In addition, the mediating role of environmental concern between environmental beliefs and green purchase intentions is also explored. Quantitative research design with survey method was adopted to collect data from respondents. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) technique [...]

Terrorism and Stock Market Nexus: New Evidence from Wavelet Analysis

Research Article

This study examines the impact of terrorism on Karachi stock market returns. Daily data of KSE100 index from 1st July 1999 to 31st December 2015 is used for the empirical analysis. The objective of this paper is to examine the change in systematic risk in response to the terrorist activities. Multiscale data derived from Maximal Overlap Discrete Wavelet Transformation (MODWT) [...]

Heterogeneous Panel Analysis among Equity Returns for Portfolio Diversification: Evidence from Emerging and Frontier Asian Equity Markets

Research Article

Our study investigates the linkage between frontier and emerging equity markets of Asia from January 2000 to December 2016. To deal with heterogeneous panels, we applied pooled mean group framework proposed by Pesaran, Shin, and Smith (2001). Our findings reveal both short and long run relationships among sampled markets thereby supporting the feedback hypothesis. The magnitude of relationship is strong [...]

The Value-Growth Indicators and Value Premium: Evidence from Pakistan Stock Exchange

Research Article

This paper aims to study the ability of the six value-growth indicators (i.e. gross profit to total assets, earning to price, book to market, dividend to price, cashflow to price and sales to price ratio) to generate value premium in Pakistan Stock Exchange. This paper uses the methodology of Dimson, Nagel, and Quigley (2003) to construct Fama and French [...]

Human Capital-Economic Growth Relationship: Finding the Most Relevant Level of Education in Pakistan

Research Article

The study employed annual dataset for the period 1981-2014 to find the most relevant level of education in terms of its contribution to the economic growth of Pakistan. The study used three models assuming gross enrolment rates at primary, secondary and tertiary level as human capital and found secondary education as the most relevant level of education for economic growth. [...]

Hedging Effectiveness of Commodities in the Stock Portfolio: Empirical Evidence from Pakistan Stock Exchange using Multivariate GARCH Models

Research Article

This study explores the hedging effectiveness of oil and gold assets in Pakistani stock market. We incorporate three multivariate GARCH models for hedging potential of oil and gold assets in stock market of Pakistan. The DCC model is found fitted among others for empirical analysis. The empirical results indicate that the asymmetric effect is positive (negative) providing that negative shocks [...]

Impact of Project Teamwork on Project Success in Pakistan

Research Article

The contribution of project teamwork is based on the project members toward project success has remained unattended in prior literature. This paper highlights the importance of project teamwork for the project success and argues that leader alone cannot successfully complete a project. This study is based upon Higher Education Commission (HEC)'s projects in Pakistan and data has been collected from [...]

Consumer's Attitude towards Ramadan Advertising

Research Article

Advertising in the Ramadan is at peak in Pakistan and other Muslim countries. It now resembles other festival theme based advertising. In view of the lack of the studies on the issue, this study has adopted the constructs commonly used in measuring attitude towards advertising. The adapted questionnaire was administered to a population of 320, and the valid sample size [...]

The Role of Structured and Efficient Market Factors in Determining the Individual Investor's Satisfaction: Evidence from Pakistan

Research Article

This study examines the impact of structured and efficient market factors such as fundamental analysis, transaction processing system, information processing system and risk management on Pakistan stock exchange's investor satisfaction. We used descriptive statistics, confi rmatory factor analysis, and structural equation modeling technique to test the proposed model. Our findings reveal that all the components of the structured and efficient [...]

Relationship between Stock and the Sovereign CDS markets: A Panel VAR Based Analysis

Research Article

This study explores the relationship between the Stock and the Sovereign Credit Default Swaps (SCDS) markets by using a dataset of 36 countries. Specifically, we apply Panel-Vector Autoregressive (PVAR) model, to gauge the impact of one market's shocks to the other. Our results decipher that changes in stock market returns explain the significant portion of the SCDS market spreads' changes. [...]

Do Mutual Funds Remain Persistent? Evidence from Pakistan

Research Article

This study investigates the performance persistence of 78 mutual funds of Pakistan for the period 2009-2015. The sample period is divided into two sub-periods, based on movement of KSE 100 index closing value. A skilled manager is a manager who can outclass the market consistently during both sub-periods. This study first estimates outer performance, selectivity, market timing and volatility timing [...]

Winter Holts Oscillatory Method; A New Method of Resampling in Time Series

Research Article

The core proposition behind this research is to create innovative methods of bootstrap that can be applied in time series data. In order to find new methods of bootstrapping, various methods were reviewed; The data of automotive Sales, Market Shares and Net Exports of the top 10 countries which includes China, Europe, United States of America (USA), Japan, Germany, South [...]

A study on call/contact centers' inbound and outbound management process

Research Article

One challenge related to contact center management involves determining which process best serves customers, inbound or outbound. Such decisions impact the number of service agents available for operations, affecting costs. The size of the call centers market worldwide is estimated to reach $337 billion dollars by 2018. This industry employs 670,000 people in Mexico. A series of equations for [...]

The Effect of Loneliness at Work and Work Stress on Work Alienation and Work Alienation on Performance among Health Employees

Research Article

This study aims to determine the effect of loneliness at work and work stress on work alienation and work alienation on employee performance among employees in Turkish healthcare institutions. Data collection tools were composed of Loneliness at Work Scale Work Stress Scale, Work Alienation Scale and Performance Scale. The study results revealed that work alienation was influenced by work stress [...]

The Effect of Trade Liberalization on Tax Structure of Pakistan

Research Article

This study empirically investigates the effect of trade liberalization on tax structure in Pakistan. Autoregressive Distributed Lag approach has been used for examining the cointegration among the variables of the model and Vector Error-Correction method is used for short-run dynamics of the variables. The empirical results show that trade liberalization and trade tax revenue have a negative impact on tax [...]

The Integration of Loyalty, Satisfaction, and Relationship Commitment Models to Predict Customer Retention in Pakistani Telecom sector

Research Article

Based on SERVQUAL Model, customer loyalty framework and relationship commitment model, this meta-analysis examines the effect of these well-defined models on customer retention. The study validates the impact of the given well-developed models and helps to develop strategies for enhancing and developing customer retention. The study utilized exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and structural equation modeling to analyze customer [...]

The Impact of Director's Training Program on Financial Reporting Quality in East

Research Article

This research provides evidence as to how training programs for directors associate with improvements in the quality of financial reporting. Director Training Programs (DTPs) are held to enable directors to better comprehend the specific context in which the business operates in, which includes: company-operations, environment, business norms, values and standards of probity, accountability, and a directors' fiduciary duties as agents [...]

Gender Discrimination in assigning Dull or Challenging Tasks in Banking Sector of Pakistan

Research Article

This study investigates the gender biases of managers in assigning tasks to subordinates. Gender discrimination affects the productivity and efficiency of employees in any organization. It is assumed that managers assign challenging tasks to subordinates of same gender and assign dull tasks to the subordinate of opposite gender. The industry taken for the research purpose was banking sector of Pakistan. [...]

The Impact of capital structure on the profitability of Microfinance institutions

Research Article

The study focuses on the sources of funding and the relative profitability derived by the microfinance organizations. The study considers three variables, which relate to the profitability (a dependent factor): return-onassets (ROA), operational-self-sufficiency (OSS), and return-on-equity (ROE). The independent factor (financial sources), on the other hand, employs: deposit-to-asset, net-deposits, and lastly debt-to-equity ratio. Moreover, the control variables specified in this [...]

Using Excel Solver to solve braydon farms' truck routing problem: A case study

Case Study

This case study is based on Braydon Farms LLC, floral distribution complexity analysis in Alabama, US. This study utilized excel solver to determine effective distribution to the 14 stores at least cost for Braydon Farms clients. The integer programming model was used to estimate the optimal configuration for the distribution to 14 stores for seven daily routes. Furthermore, for the [...]

Structural Analysis of Development Patterns

Case Study

This study provides a sketch on the trends of domestic production and labor productivity in agriculture, industry and services sector of 155 countries from across the globe during the period of 1980 to 2012, while focusing mainly on the impact of income and size of the stated economies on their domestic productions and labor productivity. Findings confirm that the trend [...]

Determinants of agricultural production: A Cross-country Sensitivity analysis

Research Article

The relative importance of the key determinants of agricultural-production by performing sensitivity analysis on a cross country data set of 81 countries has been investigated. For analyzing the significance of regional differences in agricultural production, two dummy variables were used for high and low income countries. The World Bank data set is used for this study ranging from 2002 to [...]

Winter Holts Oscillatory Method; A New Method of Resampling in Time Series.

Research Article

A study is based on the performance of NADRA and its employees, comprises on several factors that show an impact on employees's productivity. It was assumed that office design (like Furniture, Noise, Lighting, Temperature and Spatial Arrangement) put an impact on the productivity of employees of NADRA. A research has been conducted in several areas of Pakistan and gathered data [...]

The Right Marketing Tactics to Target Restaurants

Research Article

In every industry, marketing plays a vital role in the success and failure of the product and services. In-order to make the products and services successful, it is very important to create effective marketing-strategies by employing effective marketing-tools. The objective of this research is to find out that whether restaurants should also be marketed and advertised heavily across various marketing [...]

Extended Work Overtime: Labor Choice or Obligation

Research Article

Time management is very important at workplace. Employees have to work hard to accomplish their work on time hence; they often end up doing overtime in-order to improve their performance. For this purpose, Organizations are now offering overtime for their employees. This study relates to the comparison between voluntary overtime and compelled overtime and the research basically aims to determine [...]

Preserving Efficacy of Temperature Sensitive Medicines-Logistics Management in Pharmaceutical Supply Chains

Research Article

Protecting the efficacy of temperature-sensitive drugs is a real challenge especially for the countries with hot climates. Over-the-counter medicines have recommended storage-temperature of around 20-30 °C, while ambient temperature in most metropolitan areas of Pakistan reach around 40-50 ° C in summers, even under the shade. Other temperature-sensitive medicines require storage at around 4-8 °C. A reputation of [...]

Investigating the Real Shocks in the Discount Rate of Pakistan

Research Article

The monetary-policy always has a vital role in determination of the economic conditions of any country, It is witnessed that the discount rate announced in year 1948 was of 3%, while the discount rate announced in year 2013 has come to be at 10%. The research aims to investigate Real Shocks in the Discount Rate of Pakistan, where by 66 [...]

Impact of Uncertainties on Supply Chain Operations in Pakistan

Research Article

Uncertainties are an inherent part of doing business and are dealt with relatively high degree of confidence. Uncertainties pose a variety of risks that can even pull down the organizations. This study has determined the impact of the general uncertainties and its possible minimization. Uncertainties are quite ambiguous for e.g. political upheavals, natural disasters, which cannot be predicted and [...]

Comparison of Equity Markets of SAARC Nations with the Equity Markets European Union Nations

Research Article

Relationships amongst the different stock markets have previously been examined many times; whereby such studies help market players better understand and grasp the equity markets. This paper is based on the comparison of the Equity Markets of both the SAARC and the European Union nations. Changes within one market (whether good or bad) and the subsequent effects on the other [...]

Evaluation of Customer Satisfaction on Islamic Microfinance: Empirical Evidence from Central Java, Indonesia

Research Article

The impact of customer loyalty was examined through the influence of service quality on customer satisfaction for a sample of 220 respondents, which were customers of Islamic micro finance institutions at Central Java, Indonesia. The Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was used for analysis and it indicated that service quality has a significantly positive impact on customer satisfaction in this specific [...]

Media E-Branding and its Antecedents: A Case from Iranian Online News Agencies

Research Article

This study aims to investigate online brand creation with respect to specific features of the media industry. The data were gathered from subscribers of the websites of news agencies, and the findings were achieved using the structural equation modeling. The findings maintain the conceptual model of the study, and the results indicated that brand personality, online content, interactivity, and website-attribute [...]

Does same gender schooling matters more than the both gender schooling for exam scores?

Research Article

It is unknown to what degree single-gender classrooms relate to the overall student performance, when compared to the performance of students coming from co-educational school setting. It is thus imperative for educators and parents alike to note whether or not the single-gender classrooms have an effect on academic performance, in order to close the gender gap. This study investigated whether [...]

The real story of legislations in Pakistan

Research Article

In the political-scenario of Pakistan, there is clearly an oligopoly of a few families, who have never brought the country with any positive results. This paper confirmed that deprived and dejected class has never been given the equal and fair chance of representation in the parliaments of Pakistan since the making of this country and only the elite, affluent class [...]

Edible Oil imports in Pakistan

Research Article

Pakistan is the fourth largest edible oil importing country. Pakistan imports 75% of the total edible oil consumed in the country to meet its demand. The edible oil imports composed 94% of Palm Oil and the remaining portion comprises the imports of edible oil, coconut oil, olive oil etc. Pakistan imports 75% of its palm oil from Malaysia making it [...]

Intelligence led dynamic knowledge based behavioural leadership model for dynamic fractal organization

Research Article

In this study, a new perspective has been introduced that how leadership can help influencing customers in an intelligent manner through behavioral sense making. Behavioral sense making can be utilized by leaders while sensing behavior and emotions of customers in a game designing organization. As compared to other organizations where role of leadership is only limited and restricted to service [...]

The Application of Academic Supply Chain Management at an Educational Institution

Research Article

Supply chain management concepts and models are not just confined to improving business operations in the manufacturing sector. It can also be developed and applied in the service industry by focusing on the service based supply chain. This paper will explore the application of academic supply chain management at an educational institution namely, RMIT University Vietnam. This paper will first [...]

The Role of Vice Chancellors to promote Higher Education in Pakistan: A Critical Review of Higher Education Commission (HEC) Pakistan's Reforms, 2002

Research Article

The purpose of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of the reforms introduced by Higher Education Commission Pakistan (HEC) in 2002 about selection criteria of Vice Chancellors in public sector universities of Pakistan. The focus of this study is an evaluation of divergent views and concerns of the community about this new system in the province of Punjab as [...]

Building Pakistan's country of origin image through the corporate image: Exploring optimal corporate brands for the image transfer

Research Article

Pakistan is facing a multi-dimensional attack on its country image. While it is imperative to triumph over negative factors causing Pakistan’s bad country image. This research aims to explore optimal corporate brands of Pakistan to build their country of origin (CoO) image in light of the consumer-related and company-related factors. Exploratory research approach has been deployed to explore potential [...]

Corporate Governance through Ownership Structure: Evidence from KSE-100 Index

Research Article

This paper examined the association between ownership structure, firm performance and dividend policy with respect to Governance perspective of companies present in Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE). A sample of 45 Nonfinancial KSE-100 Index listed firms for a period of 2010 to 2013 has been taken for analysis of this study. Multiple Regression Models are applied on the panel data to [...]

Formulation of Advanced H-Index: The S-Index

Research Article

H-index is one of the famous tool for assessing the research authors, journals and publications ranking. With some demerits and limitations of H-index, this research study puts forward an enhanced version of H-index named as Sindex, which gives more accurate results in relevance to published papers and citations of a particular author (sum of various key factors of author’s [...]

Granger Causality between Dengue Positive Cases Reported and Health Expenditures(A Case Study from Pakistan)

Research Article

This paper mainly aimed to interrogate the unidirectional causality from dengue positive cases reported in Pakistan to health expenditure of Pakistan. The data for the years ranging from (2006-2014) was deployed to test the proposition used while; unidirectional causality from dengue positive cases reported to health expenditure was investigated through granger causality test. Findings confirmed that neither the dengue positive [...]

Ambiguous Situations and Pro-Social Behavior across different Age Groups & Genders

Research Article

It is believed that the multi dimensional dilemma has been prevailing in the country for the last two decades in the field of economy, social development and politics which have caused scary reactions in the society in general and to youth in particular. As a result, a pro-social behavior in the society is hardly witnessed. This paper investigates the pro-social [...]

Are the Inflation of World co-integrated?

Research Article

The hike in prices to any product and/or service is the common man’s fright. Inflation has faced upheavals regardless of the countries around the world. This study has specifically quantified the co- movement of inflation rates of different countries around the globe. Johansen Co-integration was used to analyze the co-movements of the inflation rates of the selected world regions [...]

Teaching Methods and their impact on performance of University students

Research Article

There are many teachers trying new teaching techniques in the classrooms with the intention of making learning process more effective. In this research, comparison has been made between the spaced and massed learning methods to determine which teaching method is the most effective and helpful learning methods enhancing academic performance and retention rate of students. Results revealed that the performance [...]

Pakistan's Monetary Aid Concerns

Research Article

Aid is unlikely to encourage the development and growth of the countries affected from natural disasters. This study scrutinizes that it is not necessary that every commitment has to be fulfilled. As in this research, it is found that the level of commitment of aid for the flood affected country of Pakistan was quite higher than the level of aid [...]

Contribution of Linkedin on Recruitment and Selection

Research Article

Linkedin has become one of the most known social networking portals in terms of global professional connections, networking, job postings, hiring and much more in relevance to employment opportunities. This research was an attempt to identify the utility of Linkedin on selection and recruitment. Also, this study has taken the employer’s and the prospective candidates for job and employees’ [...]

Transportation Outsourcing and Supply Chain Performance: A study of Pakistan’s Pharmaceutical Industry

Research Article

Recent times have witnessed that transportation outsourcing of logistics functions is a key business strategy to augment the feat of supply chain performance. Heap of empirical literature showed significant impact of transportation outsourcing on effectiveness and efficiency of supply chain management of firms. This paper investigated the impact of transportation outsourcing on supply chain performance for the 30 pharmaceuticals companies [...]

Impact of Job Satisfaction on Turnover Intentions in the Pharmaceutical Industry of Karachi

Research Article

This research endeavors a study to interrogate the possible impact of Job Satisfaction on Turnover Intention in the pharmaceutical industry operating in Karachi. 29 item questionnaires were used to collect the data and data was collected from the employee of pharmaceutical industry of Karachi; for the sample of 282. Multiple Regression Analysis and Principal Component Factor Analysis were applied to [...]

Improving Reverse Logistics of Used Lubricant Oil for Re-Refining

Research Article

Recycled used lubricant oils offers the benefits of recovering base oils prevents environment from harmful uses and protects the environment from disposal of used lubricant oils. It also promises to save billions of dollars of new base oil used in formulating new lubricant oils. It is argued that failure to ensure return of used lubricant oil and poor reverse logistics [...]

Autocorrelation in economic indicators before and after Natural Disaster

Research Article

This study investigates the autocorrelation in economic indicators of Pakistan before and after Natural disaster in the light of variables, which includes GDP (deflator), Inflation (CPI), Money supply (M2), Remittances and Net export (X-M). This study considers the data for the period of 1989-2009. In this study, data has been divided into two sets; first having a data for the [...]

Level of Satisfaction of Working and Non-Working Women in Relation to their Socio-economic Conditions and Education

Research Article

The study aims at examining the satisfaction level of women with their socioeconomic conditions and education, based on survey data relating to 262 married females. It is suggested that education enables women to earn, resulting a higher level of satisfaction. Another important predictor in the study is social class of women, which plays an important role in their satisfaction level. [...]

A Comparative Study on Bank’s Profitability before, during and after Crises

Research Article

The purpose of this research is to examine the outcome of liquidity crunch on bank profitability. Comparison of bank’s profitability has been done for a panel of 30 Pakistani banks over the period of 2003 to 2010. Focus has been kept on total bank profits and its components: Gross Profit, ROE and ROA. Three eras have been selected as [...]

Retail Business Owners Preference: Why not Formal Financing?

Research Article

Finance is a basic need to run a business and the need of external financing is also required during the business cycle, expansion, growth etc. In this research, Retail Business Owners (RBO’s) were being questioned to find out the reasons for their preference on informal financing rather on formal financing. Karachi was the sample population to investigate the rational [...]

The Impact of Dependents in the Family on the Work Life Conflict of Employed Women in IT Sector in India

Research Article

Job and family is defined “as a form of inter role conflict in which the role pressures from the work and family domains are mutually incompatible in some respect. There is a conflict between work and family when the earning member or brand winner is occupied by too many demands. One of the major societal changes, two jobs at [...]

An application of GARCH while investigating volatility in stock returns of the World

Research Article

A healthy stock market is a sign of sound and healthy economy. Stock market is a volatile market affected, at times directly and most often indirectly, by many micro and macroeconomic players. Of these players interest rates and exchange rates are among the ones undertaken in this study. The rationale behind this study is to ascertain the volatility in stock [...]

Factors affecting consumer attention in billboards advertising

Research Article

This study is concerned to the billboards advertising and their impact over the consumer attention. The main aim of this study is to understand the consumer attention towards billboards, whether the target audience gives importance to the billboards or not. Final results indicate number of factors in the billboards advertising, which attracts the customer. A customer gives proper attention to [...]

Management Styles and Employee Performance: A study of a public sector company (SSGC)

Research Article

This research investigated that do management styles have any significant effect over employee performance with HR being an intervening variable, a trend setter or culture molder in the organization and judging its impact over employee performance of Sui Southern Gas Company (SSGC) limited, which is an organization with diversified backgrounds and cultures of working people having different norms and values. [...]

How Monetary Policy Affects Poverty: Nexus and Consequences

Research Article

This case study provides some interesting insights and phenomena. It was observed that how monetary policy badly affected the poverty situation in Pakistan. This study covers three important aspects of the socio-economic changes in Pakistan in the recent past. First, it describes the macroeconomic growth in the different political regimes. Second aspect of the study is to assess the poverty [...]

A Study on the Association between Brand Awareness and Consumer/Brand Loyalty for the Packaged Milk Industry in Pakistan

Research Article

Brand awareness remains fundamental to consumer life as the interaction initiation point to the brands. This paper put forwards the relationship of brand awareness on consumer/brand loyalty in the packaged milk brands in the urban Pakistan. There is evidence of brand awareness and consumer/brand loyalty on brand equity. The approach takes into account sources of brand equity-brand awareness, consumer/brand loyalty [...]

Modeling a Robotic Perception Episode

Research Article

The need to understand the human mind so as to make a robotic mind work is well recognized. In cognitive and neurosciences many questions are left still unanswered in understanding this phenomena. Since a robot faces numerous difficulties in programming itself to the degrees of freedom that it embraces with the characteristics that match with humans. The need to develop [...]

Construction and Validation of an Instrument to measure the attitude towards science

Research Article

The work reported here is an effort to construct and validate an instrument to measure the students' attitude towards science. This work is likely to be a predictor of students' emotional attachment to science and is expected to help to classify or enroll students in science for higher grades. 150 students of 6th grade (of age 10.5 -12.5 [...]

Index of Bangladesh as a destination of FDI: an assessment of FDI impact on socio-economic development

Research Article

In the age of anxiety; it has been a very crucial task both for the foreign investors (MNCs) and Governments, whether the investment would be viable in consideration of the expected return and sustainability of the project on the one hand, and the socio-economic development of the country on the other. Foreign investors, while analyzing the viability of the [...]

The impact of Interest Rate on Stock Market: Empirical Evidence from Dhaka Stock Exchange

Research Article

Stock exchange and interest rate are two crucial factorofeconomic growth of a country. The impacts of interest rate on stock exchange provide important implications for monitory policy, risk management practices, financial securities valuation and government policy towards financial markets. This study seeks evidence supporting the existence of market efficiency on the Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) based on the daily general [...]

Productivity Performance of Banking Industry in India: An Inter-sectoral Analysis

Research Article

Productivity-based analysis for the Indian Banking Sector is in itself an area of enormous significance in this globally viable environment. If banks wish to become superior and competitive entities, they require connecting themselves with efficiency. It is also essential for the sake of a safe and sound financial system in a meticulous economic system. This paper analyses the cross relationship [...]

Selection Criteria for Implementing Optimum WIMAX Frequency Spectrum

Research Article

This paper is about a work that was carried out by the authors in an attempt to identO, technologically robust and economically viable solution for commercial implementation and installation of WIMAX optima!frequency spectrum. A variety of broad band working spectrums are discussed. This paper especially focus' on parameters which play an important role in the selection process. Some of [...]

The Impact of Packaging Characteristics on Consumer Brand Preference

Research Article

This study aims to investigate the impact of packaging characteristics on consumer’s brand preference in perspective to edible oils. Packaging characteristics are being measured such as various sizes of Package, different shapes of Package, safety, shelf life, convenience of storage, convenience of use, extra use of package and package attractiveness as per its importance in selection of edible oil [...]

Relationship between Consumer Price Index (CPI) and Government Bonds

Research Article

This study examines the association between the daily investments in government bonds with Consumer price index (CPI) for Pakistani space for the period beginning from July 2001 to September 2009. The findings significantly supports the proposition that consumer price index (CPI) has an association with the investments in government bonds and also the non-seasonal investments in government bonds for lag [...]

Factors Influencing Individual Investor Behavior (The Case of the Karachi Stock Exchange)

Research Article

The study of the investment decision process consists of economic perspectives derived from the relationship between the lifestyle, demographic variable and behavioral. Through this examination it has been analyzed that the behavioral variables and utility maximization are taken together for a complete study. This study incorporated this concept by taking 30 variables from diverse decision criteria including contemporary concerns. The [...]

Reverse Logistics in Pakistans' Pharmaceutical Sector

Research Article

Pakistans' pharmaceutical sector consists of nearly 400 companies but top 100 companies handle 90 percent of the pharmaceutical business. The sector includes 30 multinational companies accounting for 50% of the business. The competition with multi-nationals has played a positive role in managing forward logistics through good supply chain practices. Management of returns is largely accommodated as a regulatory and customer [...]

Asian diversities: A snapshot of inter-and-intra differences on collectivism and purchasing endeavorst

Research Article

This study investigates the potential difference in consumption behavior among customers in five Asian settings: Thailand, Singapore, Taiwan, India, and China. Of particular interest,the research investigates the relationship between the amount of social influences that occurs in purchasing endeavors and people s orientation toward collectivism. Samples of university students from the jive Asian countries are employed,thus controlling for [...]

An exploratory study to identify the Drivers and Inhibitors for the use of Wireless Technology in Healthcare Setting: A case of Pakistan

Research Article

Among various technological developments, the use of wireless technologies is emerging rapidly in the developing and industrialized economies. Healthcare environment is no exception to this phenomenon, whereas the health care environments have unique characteristics and uptake of wireless handheld technologies in a health care environment is complex and exceptional. For example in healthcare environment, individuals are trying to save lives [...]

Assessing the link between Intellectual Capital Formation and Performance of a University

Research Article

The resource-based view (RB V) of the firm grew out of frustration with the structure conduct-performance paradigm of the industrial organization (10) view of the firm and the early RB V theorists found the 10 view - that a firm s success was wholly determined by its external environment - to be unrealistically limited and constraining. Thispaper is an attempt [...]

The Determinants of Capital Structure in Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sector of KSE Listed Companies

Research Article

This paper presents the determinants of capital structure of Karachi Stock Exchange listed firms in the chemical and pharmaceutical sector. This paper selected four independent variables i.e. size of the firm, growth, profitability and tangibility. A total of 28 major firms listed at Karachi Stock Exchange for the period of J 999-2005 were selected and analyzed. The result of [...]

Relationship between Store Characteristics and Store Choice

Research Article

In the intense competitive Grocery Store’s industry, increasing and retaining customers is not an easy job. There are studies in relevance to the characteristics of stores. This study determines the relationship between the store characteristics and the store choice. Multinomial Logistic Regression tool was used to analyze the gathered data to recognize the relationship between the store characteristics and [...]

Determinants of Export Performance in Textile Sector of Pakistan

Research Article

This research is an attempt to investigate the correlation of the various independent variables which include an increase of pricing strategy adaptation, Increase of export intensity, Firm's commitment to export, Export market development, Export market competition, Past Pricing Strategy Adaptation, Past Export Performance Satisfaction, Past Export Intensity, Export market distance) with dependent variable (i.e. Expected Short-Term Export Performance improvement). [...]

Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility on Firm's Financial Performance

Research Article

Corporate Social Responsibility has been broadly defined with its different constructs and its significance in the corporate world. This paper puts forward the study of corporate social responsibility and its impact on firms' financial performance with a perspective of Pharmaceutical Industry. All the firms in pharmaceutical industry were observed for their CSR activities and financial performance for Karachi. The statistical [...]

Quantifying Bullwhip Effect and reducing its Impact

Research Article

This paper quantifies factors which are responsible for the bullwhip effect within the specific theater, e.g. Middle East. A comprehensive analytical understanding of the phenomenon is derived by considering at least twenty critical factors including Advertising, Sales Promotions, Seasonal Effect, Price Variations, Substitute or competitive products, delays in order processing and raw material shortage. The paper suggests Methods of [...]